#13 – Our Duties Towards the Prophet (saw)
Oct 25, 2021 – Oct 24, 2021
Rabi ul-Awwal 27, 1443 – Rabi ul-Thaani 2, 1443


Our Duties Towards the Prophet (saw)

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

Our Duties Towards the Prophet (saw)

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلَـٰٓئِكَتَهُۥ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ ۚ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ صَلُّوا۟ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا۟ تَسْلِيمًا
Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.

Surah Al-Ahzab (33) – Verse 56
وَمِنَ ٱلَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِۦ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا
And from [part of] the night, pray with it [i.e., recitation of the Qur’ān] as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.

Surah Al-Isra(17) – Verse 79
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ أَنَا سَيِّدُ وَلَدِ آدَمَ وَلاَ فَخْرَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ مَنْ تَنْشَقُّ الأَرْضُ عَنْهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلاَ فَخْرَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ شَافِعٍ وَأَوَّلُ مُشَفَّعٍ وَلاَ فَخْرَ وَلِوَاءُ الْحَمْدِ بِيَدِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلاَ فَخْرَ
It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“I am the leader of the sons of Adam, and it is no boast. I will be the first one for whom the earth will be split open on the Day of Resurrection, and it is no boast. I will be the first to intercede and the first whose intercession will be accepted, and it is no boast. The banner of praise will be in my hand on the Day of Resurrection, and it is no boast.”

[ Sunan Ibn Majah 4308 ]
عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ نَفَرًا، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَأَلُوا أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ عَمَلِهِ فِي السِّرِّ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لاَ أَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لاَ آكُلُ اللَّحْمَ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لاَ أَنَامُ عَلَى فِرَاشٍ ‏.‏ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ مَا بَالُ أَقْوَامٍ قَالُوا كَذَا وَكَذَا لَكِنِّي أُصَلِّي وَأَنَامُ وَأَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي ‏”‏
Anas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that some of the Companions of Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) asked his (the Prophet’s) wives about the acts that he performed in private. Someone among them (among his Companions) said: I will not marry women; someone among them said: I will not eat meat; and someone among them said: I will not lie down in bed.

He (the Holy Prophet) praised Allah and glorified Him, and said: What has happened to these people that they say so and so, whereas I observe prayer and sleep too; I observe fast and suspend observing them; I marry women also? And he who turns away from my Sunnah, he has no relation with Me

[ Sahih Muslim 1401]
Commentary on Surah Al-Ahzab Verse 56

The real purpose of the verse was to obligate Muslims to send Salah (durood) and Salam upon the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). But the command was given in a manner that, first of all, Allah Ta’ala pointed out that He Himself and His angels perform the act of Salah for the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). After that, common Muslims were ordered to follow suit. By doing so, it is indicated that the station of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is so high that the act asked to be done by common Muslims in his respect is something already done by Allah Ta’ala Himself as well as angels with Him. Now then, common believers who are indebted to so many favors done to them by as their noble Prophet should certainly give high priority to making this act their essential concern. Then there is yet another good outcome of this modality of expression. It proves the great merit accredited to Muslims who send Salah and Salam as Allah Ta’ala makes them share in doing what Allah Ta’ala Himself does and so do His angels.

The Meaning of Salah and Salam

The word: صَلاة (Salah) is used in the Arabic language to convey the sense of: Mercy (rahmah), prayer (du’a,) and praise (madh and thana). The Salah attributed to Allah Ta’ala in the cited verse means His sending of mercy, but Salah from the angels denotes their prayer for him, and the sense of Salah (durood) from common believers is a combination of du’a, (prayer) and thana’ (praise). Most commentators have given these very meanings and Imam Al-Bukhari has reported from Abu-l-‘Aliyah that the Salah of Allah Ta’ala means the honor accorded to him and the praise showered on him before the angels. As for the honor bestowed on him by Allah Ta’ala within this mortal world, it translates as the high rank he was blessed with when, on many an occasion, his mention was joined with the mention of Allah Ta’ala in adhan (the initial call for prayers) and iqamah (the call announcing the immediate start of the prayer) and elsewhere, and that Allah Ta’ala made the religion brought by him spread and prevail throughout the world, and that He enjoined upon all people to keep acting in accordance with the Shari’ah brought by him right through the last day of al-Qiyamah and, along with it, He has undertaken to keep his Shari’ah stand perennially protected. Then, as for the honor bestowed upon him in the Hereafter, it can be said that his station was made to be the most exalted of the entire creation and, at a time when no prophet or angel could dare intercede on behalf of anyone, it was right at that time that he was blessed with the celebrated station of intercession called: مقام محمود (Praised Station).
Degrees of Praise

Given the interpretation that Allah’s Salah in favor of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) means praise, someone may raise a doubt that, according to the narrations of Hadith, Salah and Salam are also offered to the family and companions of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) . If so, how can anyone other than him be made to share in the honor bestowed and praise done by Allah Ta’ala? This doubt has been answered in Ruh-ul-Ma’ani etc. by saying that the degrees of such honor and praise are many. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) has it at its highest, while his family and companions and believers in general are included with him only to a certain degree.

The Praised Station

The Holy Prophet(ﷺ) has been promised (Maqam Mahmud: The Praised Station) in the verse and this station is, out of all prophets, particular to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). As to its explanation, there are different sayings. But, the most sound of them is what appears in authentic Ahadith in the words of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) himself. This Station is the station of the Grand Intercession (al-shafa’ah al-kubra). This will come to pass on the plains of Resurrection (al-Hashr) when all children of Adam will be there requesting every prophet and messenger of Allah to intercede with Him on their behalf. All prophets (AS) will offer their excuse. Only the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) shall be blessed with the honorable station of interceding on behalf of the entire progeny of Adam.

[Above sections taken from Maarif ul Quran]

Spiritual Reminders

The Sahaba (RA)’s Reverence for The Prophet (ﷺ)
The love and reverence that the sahaba (RA) had for the prophet (SAW) was so immense that it would not allow them to fall behind on any instruction. In fact, they were actively seeking out the instructions of the prophet (SAW), and when they were told of any instructions, they would go rushing to fulfil it. Once, a sahaba named Abdullah was walking by the masjid, and in the meantime, people started accumulating. The prophet (SAW) was asking people to settle down and take a seat. Abdullah (RA) was not yet in the masjid but he heard the prophet (SAW)’s voice from outside, and as soon as he heard his instruction to take a seat, he sat down exactly where he was. He stayed sitting there. Someone came into the masjid and said, “O prophet of Allah (SWT), when you asked everyone to sit down, Abdullah, who was still outside, heard your voice and also sat down. He is out there in the street.” The prophet (SAW) had him called and made a lot of du’a for him.

Similarly, on another occasion when the prophet (SAW) was about to do a khutba, he asked the people to have a seat and settle down. Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (RA) was entering the masjid and at the doorstep. He heard his voice and instruction and sat down right at the doorstep. The prophet (SAW) looked at him and smiled, giving him the instruction to come inside and sit. They did not want to delay even for a second. When they heard an instruction, to them, every one of his instructions were more valuable than anything else in the entire world.
When you have that kind of love and devotion for someone, you cannot see yourself disobeying them. This is how much love the sahaba had for their prophet (SAW). Similarly, when we bring in our hearts true love for the prophet (SAW), we will find that everything that he has instructed for us to do will be irresistible. We will feel compelled to do it just because the prophet (SAW) did it. One sahabi came and saw that the prophet (SAW) used to keep his top button undone. The prophet (SAW) never told him about it, but for the rest of his life, that sahabi never did up his top button. He saw the prophet (SAW) in that condition, so he would like to be in that condition.

The easiest way to get to the obedience of Allah (SWT) and his prophet (SAW) is to bring the love of them into our hearts. Sometimes, it is not that we do not want to obey, but we do not have the motivation. When the love for them is there, we do not need that push or encouragement. We need to have that love, and our deen is based on that love for the prophet (SAW), Allah (SWT) and all of mankind. This is in the foundations of our deen. This is what enables us to reach a higher standard of manners and dealing when each other. When the heart is empty of love, it will take a great deal of effort to obey and listen to an instruction. Let us turn our focus and attention to building love and attention to the prophet (SAW) and Allah (SWT) in our hearts. May Allah (SWT) give us tawfiq.

[Above section from a talk delivered by Mufti Aasim Rashid]



Reverence For The Prophet (ﷺ)
When the prophet (SAW) moved to Madinah, he asked his companions to leave his camel alone because everyone was coming and grabbing the rope of his camel and trying to bring it to their neighbourhood. The camel, first, stopped at the place where today Al Masjid Al-Nabwi is then stopped at a house that house belonged to Abu Ayuub Al Ansari (RA). Abu Ayuub was so excited and honoured that he would get to host the prophet (SAW), but his house had two floors. He wanted the prophet (SAW) to be on the upper floor and him and his wife could stay on the lower floor. The prophet (SAW) said, “It is easier for me if I stay on the ground floor because I always have guests coming and going and if I am upstairs it will be difficult for you and the guests. Let me stay here on the ground floor.” Abu Ayuub agreed to it, but he was very, very embarrassed. He thought it was disrespectful that he was higher in location than the prophet (SAW) and he was beneath him. It used to disturb him so much that he could not sleep at night, thinking, “How am I laying on a place that is higher than where my prophet is laying?” It would sincerely trouble him, and the next morning, he would again go request the prophet (SAW) to go upstairs. The prophet (SAW) would decline and tell him not to worry.

[Above section from a talk delivered by Mufti Aasim Rashid]

Read Next Blog: The Importance of Iman

Sunnah Acts

Sending peace and blessings upon the Prophet (ﷺ)
It was narrated from Abu Humaid As-Sa’di that they said:

“O Messenger of Allah! We have been commanded to send peace and blessings upon you. How should we send peace and blessings upon you?” He said: “Say:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

(O Allah, send Your grace, honor and mercy upon Muhammad and his wives and offspring, as You sent Your grace, honor and mercy upon Ibrahim. O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad and his wives and offspring, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim among the nations, You are indeed Praiseworthy, Most Glorious).”

[Sunan Ibn Majah 905]


Sending Salah Upon The Prophet (ﷺ)
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ أُمَّهَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
O Allah, bless Muhammad, the unlettered Prophet, his wives who are the mother of the faithful, his off springs, and the people of his house as Thou didst bless the family of Abraham. Thou art indeed praiseworthy and glorious.

[Sunan Abi Dawood]

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