#37 – The Night of Al-Qadr
April 18 – 24, 2022
Ramadan 17 – 23, 1443

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The Night of Al-Qadr

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

The Night of Al-Qadr

إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ ۞ وَمَآ أَدْرَىٰكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ ۞ لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ ۞ تَنَزَّلُ ٱلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ ۞ سَلَـٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ ٱلْفَجْرِ ۞
Indeed, ˹it is˺ We ˹Who˺ sent this ˹Quran˺ down on the Night of Glory. And what will make you realize what the Night of Glory is? The Night of Glory is better than a thousand months. That night the angels and the ˹holy˺ spirit descend, by the permission of their Lord, for every ˹decreed˺ matter. It is all peace until the break of dawn.

[Surah Al-Qadr]
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ تَحَرَّوْا لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْوِتْرِ مِنَ الْعَشْرِ الأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ ‏”‏‏.‏
Narrated `Aisha:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari 2017]
حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شَبَابَةُ، حَدَّثَنِي وَرْقَاءُ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ يَقُمْ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فَيُوَافِقُهَا – أُرَاهُ قَالَ – إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) as saying:
He who prayed on the Lailat-ul-Qadr (the Majestic Night) knowing that it is (the same night). I (believe) that he (the Prophet also) said: (He who does) it with faith and seeking reward (from Allah), his sins would be forgiven.

[Sahih Muslim 760b]

Occasion of Revelation

Ibn Abi Hatim has reported from Mujhid (as mursal hadith) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was told about a mujahid [ warrior in the cause of religion ] from amongst the Children of Israel who carried weapons of war on his shoulders for a thousand months during which time he never laid down his arms. The Companions were amazed when they heard this. On that occasion, this Surah was revealed which describes that worship in the Night of Qadr granted to this Ummah exceeds by more than a thousand months of jihad persistently fought by that warrior. According to another narration of Mujahid cited in Ibn Jarir, a worshipper from among the Children of Israel used to worship Allah the whole night, and as soon as the dawn broke, he would arm himself and fight the whole day. This continued consecutively for a thousand months. This Surah was thus revealed. This shows the superiority of the Ummah of the Holy Prophet `, and that the Night of Qadr is a special characteristic of this ummah. [ Mazhari ].

Meaning of The Night of Qadr

One meaning of the word Qadr is ‘greatness, honour or dignity’. Zuhri and other scholars have assigned this meaning to it. The night is called the Night of Qadr because it is a night of greatness, honour, majesty and dignity. Abu Bakr Warraq has stated that this night is so called because a person becomes a man of honour and dignity on account of repentance, seeking pardon and righteous acts during this night, whilst prior to this he might have lacked honour and dignity on account of unrighteous life he might have led.

Another meaning of the word Qadr is ‘predestination’. From this point of view, the night is so called because the destiny of individuals and nations that was decided in pre-eternity is assigned to the relevant angels who are appointed for cosmic planning. Every man’s age, death, sustenance, rain and other things are measured out to the angels to be implemented for a complete year from one month of Ramadan to another. If an individual is destined to perform Hajj in the forthcoming year, it will be prescribed.

Date of the Night of Qadr

It is explicitly stated in the Qur’an that the Night occurs in the blessed or auspicious month of Ramadan, but its exact date has not been disclosed. As a result, it is disputed and debated among scholars. There are about forty opinions recorded. Mazhari states that the most authentic opinion is that the Night of Qadr occurs in the last ten nights of Ramadan, but no specific date has been fixed. It could be any of the last ten odd nights which may alternate from year to year. According to authentic Traditions, it could be one of the following nights: 21, 23, 25, 27 and 29. Thus all the apparently conflicting Traditions relating to the odd nights are reconciled. All the Traditions pertaining to the date of the Night are authentic, and there is no need for any convoluted interpretation. Most eminent jurists – like Aba Qilabah, Imam Malik, Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Sufyan Thawri, Ishaq Ibn Rahwaih, Abu Thawr, Muzani, Ibn Khuzaymah and others – agree that the Night occurs in the last ten odd nights, alternating. Imam Shafi’i has two opinions. In one he sides with the majority, and in another he holds that the night is fixed and does not alternate. [ Ibn Kathir ].

The Value and Importance of the Night and a Special Du’ a for the Night

The greatest virtue of the Night is mentioned in the Surah itself, that is, the acts of worship performed in this single night is better than worship in one thousand months which amounts to eighty-three years and four months. The figure here and elsewhere in the Qur’an does not signify its precise number, but simply denotes a very large or high number. Allah alone knows how much more or better.

It is recorded in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Sayyidna Abu Hurairah ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “He who spends the Night of Qadr in the worship of Allah, all his past sins will be forgiven.” Sayyidah ` A’ishah ؓ once asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ what supplication she should make if she finds the Night. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ advised her to make the following supplication: اللَّھُمَّ اِنَّکَ عَفُوُّ تُحِبُّ العَفوَ فَاعفُ عَنِّی “0 Allah! Verily, You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so do pardon me.” [ Qurtubi ].

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-8 (pg 843 – 848) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Spiritual Reminders

Dua During Ramadan
Every day and night of Ramadan, Allah (SWT) frees people from the fire of Jahannam. What does this mean? It means people that have committed sins that would have resulted in them ending up in the fire of Jahannam, Allah (SWT) forgives. This is because his mercy and forgiveness is at his peak. So, whoever asks for forgiveness, Allah (SWT) forgives them. Allah (SWT) pardons them, and aside from this, every day and night, there is at least one du’a of every Muslim that is accepted, aside from the du’a that is accepted at iftar.

Within the cycle of the day and night, one du’a is accepted. There is one that is guaranteed to be accepted, and aside from this, there are three people whose du’a are certainly accepted; one of these people are the people who fast until it is broken, and another is the du’a before iftar. These are four separate hadith talking about du’as. It would be a big mistake to not raise our hands even once in front of Allah (SWT) earnestly and honestly and beg him, because in Ramadan, Allah (SWT) is the state of absolute forgiveness, and you do not know which du’a is going to be accepted at any time.
In fact, our expectation of Allah (SWT) should be that every du’a is accepted. So, one time that we cannot compromise, if we can take one lesson from this, is that before the time of iftar, we should all be engaged in du’a, and that way, you will be acting on all of the hadith mentioned before.

This is something we have to do. Create an environment in your homes, that when you break iftar, make an environment of everyone making du’a before iftar. If you do it in the masjid, engage in du’a before the time of iftar. It is a very important time.

[Taken from a lecture delivered by Mufti Aasim Rashid titled “Dua During Ramadan”]

YOUR WEEKLY DOSE OF

Sirah

All Heavenly Books were Revealed in Ramadan
Sayyidna Abu Dhar Ghifari ؓ narrates that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Holy Prophet Ibrahim’s (علیہ السلام) Scriptures were revealed on 3rd of Ramadan; Torah was revealed on 6th of Ramadan; Injil was revealed on 13th of Ramadan; Zabur was revealed on 18th of Ramadan; and the Holy Qur’an was revealed on 24th of Ramadan.” [ Mazhari ].

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-8 (pg 847) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Sunnah Acts

I’tikaf During The Last Ten Nights of Ramadan
Anas bin Malik narrated:
“The Prophet would perform I’tikaf during the last ten (nights) of Ramadan. One year he did not perform I’tikaf, so he performed I’tikaf for twenty (nights) in the following year.”

[Jami` at-Tirmidhi 803]

Adhkar/Dua

Dua During The Night of Qadr
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّ
Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni

O Allah, You are Forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me

[Sunan Ibn Majah 3850]

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