#46 – The First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah
Jun 27 – Jul 3, 2022
Dhul Qa’dah 28 – Dhul Hijjah 4, 1443

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The First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

The First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah

۞ وَٱلْفَجْرِ ۞ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ
By the dawn, and the ten nights,

[Surah Al-Fajr, Ayah 1-2]
لِّيَشْهَدُوا۟ مَنَـٰفِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا۟ ٱسْمَ ٱللَّهِ فِىٓ أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَـٰتٍ عَلَىٰ مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّنۢ بَهِيمَةِ ٱلْأَنْعَـٰمِ ۖ فَكُلُوا۟ مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا۟ ٱلْبَآئِسَ ٱلْفَقِيرَ
so they may obtain the benefits ˹in store˺ for them, and pronounce the Name of Allah on appointed days over the sacrificial animals He has provided for them. So eat from their meat and feed the desperately poor.

[Surah Al-Hajj, Ayah 28]
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُسْلِمٍ الْبَطِينِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏”‏ مَا مِنْ أَيَّامٍ الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ فِيهَا أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الأَيَّامِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي الْعَشْرَ ‏.‏ قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! وَلاَ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَالَ: ‏”‏ وَلاَ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ. إِلاَّ رَجُلٌ خَرَجَ بِنَفْسِهِ وَمَالِهِ فَلَمْ يَرْجِعْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ بِشَىْءٍ ‏”
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days,” meaning the (first) ten days of Dhul- Hijjah. They said: “O Messenger of Allah! Not even Jihad in the cause of Allah?” He said: “Not even Jihad in the cause of Allah, unless a man goes out with himself and his wealth and does not bring anything back.”

[Sunan Ibn Majah 1727]

Commentary of Surah Al-Fajr, Ayah 2

Some commentators, like Mujahid and ` Ikramah, refer this to the dawn of ‘the Day of Sacrifice’ on the tenth of Dhul Hijjah. A narration from Sayyidna Ibn ` Abbas ؓ concurs with this view. The reason for this specification is that according to Islamic principles, Allah has made a night to precede the day. All days are preceded by their respective nights, except the ‘the Day of Sacrifice’, because the night that precedes the Day of Sacrifice is not the night of Sacrifice. In fact, the preceding night, according to Shari’ah, is the night of ` Arafah. Staying at ` Arafat is the most important and foremost rite of Hajj. If a pilgrim is not able to reach ` Arafat on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, any time in the day or in the night following it to halt there for a while, he will not be considered to have performed Hajj at all. However if he arrives there any time during the night before the break of dawn on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, his halt in ` Arafah will be acceptable and his Hajj will be considered valid. This shows that the day of ` Arafah has two nights, one preceding it, and another following it. The Day of Sacrifice [ 10th of Dhul Hijjah ] has no night. From this point of view, the dawn of the day of Sacrifice, among all the days of the year, occupies a special position. [ Qurtubi ].

لَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ (and by the Ten Nights…89:2) According Sayyidna Ibn ` Abbas ؓ Qatadah, Mujahid, Suddi, Dahhak, Kalbi and other leading commentators, the ‘ten nights’ refers to the [ first ] ten nights of Dhul Hijjah. It is recorded in Hadith (Sunan Ibn Majah 1728) that the Holy Prophet ﷺ was reported to say that

مَا مِنْ أَيَّامِ الدُّنْيَا أَيَّامٌ، أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللَّهِ سُبْحَانَهُ أَنْ يُتَعَبَّدَ لَهُ فِيهَا، مِنْ أَيَّامِ الْعَشْرِ. وَإِنَّ صِيَامَ يَوْمٍ فِيهَا لَيَعْدِلُ صِيَامَ سَنَةٍ، وَلَيْلَةٍ فِيهَا بِلَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
There are no days in this world during which worship is more beloved to Allah, Glorious is He, than the (first) ten days (of Dhul- Hijjah). Fasting one of these days is equivalent to fasting for one year, and one night of them is equal to Lailatul-Qadr. [ Transmitted by Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah with a weak chain of authorities from Abu Hurairah Mazhari ]

Abu-z-Zubair narrated from Sayyidna Jabir ؓ that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said: وَالْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ (I swear by the dawn and by the Ten Nights’ refers to the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Sayyidna Ibn ` Abbas ؓ said that these are the ten nights that are mentioned in the story of Prophet Musa علیہ السلام ; وَ اَتمَمنٰھَا بِعَشرٍ… then We supplemented them with ten’ [ 7:142]. Thus these are the ten nights in the whole year which are most meritorious. Imam Qurtubi says that the Hadith reported by Sayyidna Jabir ؓ indicates that the ten nights of Dhul Hijjah are most meritorious, and that the same ten nights of Dhul Hijjah were designated for Prophet Musa (علیہ السلام) .

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-8 (pg 780 – 781) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Surah Al-Hajj, Ayah 28

لِّيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ (So that they witness benefits for them – 22:28) means that the arduous journey undertaken by people to perform pilgrimage is to their own advantage. The use of the word “benefits” as a common noun (without definite article) points to the universal benefits that may be derived from the pilgrimage. Apart from the spiritual rewards, many material profits may also be obtained. It is indeed remarkable that people who sedulously save pennies over long years in order to be able to defray the high expenses involved in performing the Hajj have never become insolvent, whereas many people are known to have become bankrupt as a result of expenses incurred on marriages or on the construction of palatial houses. It is a common knowledge that no one has become a pauper because of spending on Hajj or ` Umrah, rather it has been noticed, according to some narrations, that Allah Ta’ ala has bestowed such a blessing in this worship that many have gained materially after the ritual. As for the spiritual gains, they are many, one being related by Sayyidna Abu Hurairah ؓ in a hadith in which the Holy Prophet ﷺ said that anyone who performed Hajj in order to gain Allah’s favour and avoided sins and obscene acts will return as immaculate and innocent as a newborn baby. (Bukhari and Muslim) (Mazhari)

In addition to the spiritual and material benefits to be obtained from Hajj mentioned above, there is yet another advantage which may be gained when performing it, which is mentioned in the following sentence: وَيَذْكُرُ‌وا اسْمَ اللَّـهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَىٰ مَا رَ‌زَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ (so that they may recite Allah’s name, in specified days, over the provision He gave them from the cattle – 22:28). Here it is important to bear in mind that the main object of sacrificing the animals on this occasion is not their meat, but the mention of Allah’s name which is recited while the animal is being slaughtered, which is the essence of the worship. The fact that eating the meat of these animals has been made halal (lawful) for them is an additional reward from Allah. أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ (specified days) refer to the 10th, 11th, and 12th days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah when animals may be sacrificed. The words عَلَىٰ مَا رَ‌زَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ (Over the provision He gave them from the cattle – 22:28) are of general application and include all kinds of sacrifices whether they are obligatory or optional.

فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا So eat there from) Although the word كُلُوا has been used in the imperative mood, it does not mean that eating the meat of these animals is obligatory. Rather, it has been used in the sense that it is permitted and lawful to eat this meat, as it is mentioned in verse وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوا (When you are out of Ihram, you may hunt – 5:2) for granting permission for hunting.

Specially during the period of Hajj, and generally at other times too situations arise when animals must be sacrificed in Makkah . There is one kind of sacrifice which is obligatory and performed to expiate a sin such as killing animals within the precincts of حَرَم Haram. Books of jurisprudence describe in detail the kind of animals killed and the type of animals to be slaughtered to atone for each such animal killed unlawfully. Similarly, if a person commits an act which is forbidden, as long as he is in the state of ihram, he too must slaughter an animal. Jurists call this kind of sacrifice as a دَم الجنَایَہ (sacrifice to atone for a sin). Here also there are specific rules governing each situation. There are certain irregularities which must be expiated by slaughtering a camel or a cow, while in other cases the sacrifice of a goat or sheep is considered sufficient. There are a third kind of irregularities where slaughter of an animal is not necessary, and one can redeem his error by offering sadaqah. This is not the place to discuss these matters in great detail, but the the necessary information on this subject can be found in my booklet Ahkamul-Hajj (احکَام الحج). When an animal is slaughtered for expiating a sin or an irregular act, its meat can be eaten only by the poor and needy persons and it is not permissible for the person making the slaughter or any rich person to eat this meat, and this view is held by all the jurists. As regards other sacrifices, whether obligatory or voluntary, the person offering the sacrifice, his relatives and friends, even though they may be rich, can eat their meat; and the present verse refers to this kind of sacrifice. Here also it is recommended that one-third of the meat be distributed among the poor and needy. The second part of this verse وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ‌ (and feed the distressed, the poor – 22:28) explains this point.

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-6 (pg 262 – 264) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Spiritual Reminders

The Importance of The Takbir of Tashriq
The meaning of Takbir is to glorify Allah (SWT) by saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest), and the meaning of Tashriq is to go to the place of sunrise (east), or to shine. The Takbiraat of Tashriq are uttered after every obligatory prayer from Fajr on the day of ‘Arafah till the ‘Asr Prayer of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah for a total of 23 prayers. According to some madhahib, the Takbiraat are Wajib after these prayers.

Allahu Akbar obviously means that Allah (AWJ) is the greatest, so the person that says Allahu Akbar says that everything is small in front of Allah (SWT). The whole world is small compared to him, and it actually is. From a hadith we learn that this whole first sky between the second sky and third sky is a distance of maybe 500 years, and the first sky includes everything that we know about the universe. Above that is the second sky, and the first sky compared to the second sky is so small that it is almost like a person who takes a ring and tosses it into the middle of a field. Trying to look for that ring is very difficult. That is how small the first sky is compared to the second sky. Imagine how big the second sky is. However, the second sky compared to the third sky is just as small, and likewise, the fourth compared to the fifth is just as small, the fifth to the sixth, the sixth to the seventh. Above the seventh sky is a body of water. This body of water is so vast and big that all seven heavens in front of it are like seven rings tossed into the middle of a field. Above that is the Kursi, and above that is the Arsh (throne) of Allah.



Truly Allah is Akbar (great). What is this world that we are residing in in front of all of that? It’s nothing. And from that this whole world, what is this country, this continent of Australia? Nothing. What is Melbourne in front of that? Nothing. What is our house in front of that? What are we in front of that? Do you see how everything disappears and fades into nothingness and becomes so insignificant when you realize how large the universe is and you realize how great Allah (SWT) is, and how he controls all of it? The effect of saying Allahu Akbar with the right belief is that the fear of all things other than Allah (SWT) leave the heart, because Allah (SWT) is greater than it, no matter how frightening or daunting it is. This problem, difficulty, or person is nothing in front of Allah (SWT). So, when you put these three kalimat together: SubhanAllah, Alhamdulillah, and Allahu Akbar; it brings a very powerful combination. It cleanses the heart, brings good into the heart, and brings strength into the heart.

[Adapted from a lecture titled “The Importance of Allahu Akbar” by Mufti Aasim Rashid]

YOUR WEEKLY DOSE OF

Sirah

The Conversion of Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib
In a gloomy atmosphere infested with dark clouds of iniquity and tyranny, there shone on the horizon a promising light for the oppressed, i.e. the conversion of Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib in Dhul Hijjah, the sixth year of Prophethood. It is recorded that the Prophet [pbuh] was one day seated on the hillock of Safa when Abu Jahl happened to pass by and accused the religion preached by him. Muhammad [pbuh] , however, kept silent and did not utter a single word. Abu Jahl went on unchecked, took a stone and cracked the Prophet’s head which began to bleed. The aggressor then went to join the Quraishites in their assembly place. It so happened that shortly after that, Hamzah, while returning from a hunting expedition, passed by the same way, his bow hanging by his shoulder. A slave-girl belonging to ‘Abdullah bin Jada‘an, who had noted the impertinence of Abu Jahl, told him the whole story of the attack on the Prophet [pbuh] . On hearing that, Hamzah was deeply offended and hurried to Al-Ka‘bah and there, in the courtyard of the Holy Sanctuary, found Abu Jahl sitting with a company of Quraishites. Hamzah rushed upon him and struck his bow upon his head violently and said: “Ah! You have been abusing Muhammad [pbuh] ; I too follow his religion and profess what he preaches.” The men of Bani Makhzum came to his help, and men of Bani Hashim wanted to render help, but Abu Jahl sent them away saying: “Let Abu ‘Ummarah alone, by Allah I did revile his nephew shamelessly.[Ibn Hisham 1/291; Rahmat-ul-lil’alameen 1/68; Mukhtasar Seerat Ar-Rasool p.66]”

[Al-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, page 68-69, Issam Diab’s English Translation]

Sunnah Acts

Refraining From Cutting Hair and Clipping Nails For The One Offering A Sacrifice
It was narrated from Umm Salamah that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“When the ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah) begin, and one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, let him not remove anything from his hair or skin.”

[Sunan Ibn Majah 3149]

Adhkar/Dua

Talbiyah
عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَا مِنْ مُلَبٍّ يُلَبِّي إِلاَّ لَبَّى مَا عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَشِمَالِهِ مِنْ حَجَرٍ أَوْ شَجَرٍ أَوْ مَدَرٍ حَتَّى تَنْقَطِعَ الأَرْضُ مِنْ هَا هُنَا وَهَا هُنَا ‏”
It was narrated from Sahl bin Sa’d As-Sa’idi that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “There is no (pilgrim) who recites the Talbiyah but that which is to his right and left also recites it, rocks and trees and hills, to the farthest ends of the earth in each direction, from here and from there.” [Sahih al-Bukhari 6306]

The Talbiyah
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ –

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