#48 – Complete Submission to Allah
Jul 11 – Jul 17, 2022
Dhul Hijjah 12 – Dhul Hijjah 18, 1443

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Complete Submission to Allah

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

Complete Submission to Allah

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُۥ رَبُّهُۥٓ أَسْلِمْ ۖ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ
When his Lord said to him, “Submit!” He said, “I submit myself to the Lord of all the worlds.”

[Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 131]
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱدْخُلُوا۟ فِى ٱلسِّلْمِ كَآفَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا۟ خُطُوَٰتِ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنِ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
O you who have believed, enter into Islām completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

[Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 208]
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَبِي أُوَيْسٍ قَالَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنِي أَخِي، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي أُسَيْدٍ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ‏:‏ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، لاَ تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُسْلِمُوا، وَلاَ تُسْلِمُوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا، وَأَفْشُوا السَّلاَمَ تَحَابُّوا، وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَالْبُغْضَةَ، فَإِنَّهَا هِيَ الْحَالِقَةُ، لاَ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ‏:‏ تَحْلِقُ الشَّعْرَ، وَلَكِنْ تَحْلِقُ الدِّينَ‏.‏
‏‏Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By the One in Whose Hand my soul is, you will not enter Paradise until you submit to Islam. And, you will not submit to Islam until you love one another. Extend the greeting to one another and you will love one another. Beware of hatred, for it is the razor. I do not tell you that it shaves the hair, but it shaves away the deen.”

[Al-Adab Al-Mufrad Book 14, Hadith 260]
[Sunan an-Nasa’i 2624]

Ibrahim (AS) Submits Completely to Allah

Verse 131 defines the basic principle of the religion of Sayyidna Ibrahim (علیہ السلام) . Allah asked him to submit himself, and he willingly and gladly agreed to submit himself to “the Lord of the worlds.” Let us add that the word of command employed in this verse is Aslim اَسلِم ، which comes from the same root as the word Islam. It is difficult to find an exact English equivalent, for the word signifies “to obey, to submit oneself, to surrender one’s will.” Anyhow, we should notice that in reply to the divine command, he did not say, as one would have expected, اَسلَمتُ لَک : “I submit myself to you,” but, more elaborately: اَسلَمتُ لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِين : “I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.” This particular form of reply expresses the attitude of respect and awe proper to the occasion, and includes the praise of Allah which the moment of receiving the honour of divine address demanded.

It also carries a recognition of the fact that in submitting himself to the Lord of the worlds he was only performing the essential duty of a servant towards the Master of All, and doing it for his own benefit. The reply makes it clear that the basic principle of the religion of Sayyidna Ibrahim (علیہ السلام) ، and its very essence is contained in one word, Islam, which signifies total obedience and willing submission of oneself to Allah. It was to show to the world his perfect adherence to this principle that he was made to pass through all the trials before attaining his exalted station. Islam اسلام ، or submission to Allah, is what the world has been created for; it is the end all the prophets and all the divine books have been sent to serve.

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-1 (pg 345 – 346) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 208

Believers have been asked to ‘enter Islam completely’, not making allowances for a faith other than Islam – a divisive approach which makes one an easy target of Satan. Therefore, the prohibition ‘do not follow the footsteps of Satan’, an enemy who would cheat you into taking to something which obviously looks very much like your Faith, but happens to be totally contrary to it in reality. After having received clear laws and rules that lead to the straight path, there is no justification left for any deviation. Those who still slip, they must remember that Allah is Mighty, having the power to punish, and Wise too, lest one should misread any delay in punishment which comes when His Wisdom so dictates.

Using an eloquent image, the text goes on to question the ultimate acceptance of truth at a time when it shall no longer remain worth accepting and al’_ matters of reward and punishment shall revert to Allah with no power existing other than Him, why then would anyone become quixotic enough to stand against a Power so obvious, the result of which could be nothing but destruction. No Muslim shall be deserving of calling himself a Muslim unless he accepts all Islamic injunctions truly and sincerely from the deep recesses of his heart, irrespective of the department of life they belong to, irrespective of whether they concern the outward physique of the body or the heart and the mind.

Special Note

The verse holds out a stern warning to those who have got Islam all tied up with Masjid and ` ibadat عبادت (mosque and the performance of acts of prescribed worship) neglecting injunctions relating to social living and business and personal dealings as if they were no part of religion. This negligence is wide-spread among the ‘technically’ religious people who do not seem to care much about rights and dealings, especially social rights. It appears that they do not regard these injunctions to be the injunctions of Islam, neither do they make an effort to find out what they are, or try to learn them in an orderly manner, nor think of acting in accordance with these injunctions. We seek refuge with Allah.

[Maarif ul Quran Vol-1 (pg 514 – 516) , Maktabah Dar al Uloom, Translation by Prof. Muhammad Hasan Askari & Prof. Muhammad Shamim]

Spiritual Reminders

Ibraheem (AS) Submits To The Command of Allah (SWT)
Ibrahim (AS) was shown in a dream that he was commanded to sacrifice this son of his. This was a test from Allah, the Almighty, the All-Powerful , for His Khaleel, that he sacrifice his beloved son, who was born to him in his old age. This was after he had been commanded to leave Isma’eel (AS) and his mother in a land of poverty, where there was no animals or people, no cultivation and no livestock. He obeyed Allah’s Command to do this and left them there, trusting in Allah (SWT) and depending on Him. And Allah made for them a relief and a way out (of their difficulties) and sustained them from whence they had not expected. Then, after all that, when Ibraheem (AS) was commanded to sacrifice this son of his, whom he had left alone, in accordance with the Command of his Lord, when he was his firstborn son and only child, he complied with that Command and hastened to obey his Lord. Then he submitted this to his son, in order that it should be more acceptable to his heart and easier for him, rather than seizing him by force and compelling him to submit to being sacrificed

(And when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said. “O , my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offering you in sacrifice to Allah), so see what you think .”) (Soorah As-Saffat 37: 102). This gentle son hastened to do his father’s bidding, saying (“O, my father! Do that which you are commanded, In shaa’ Allah (if Allah wills), you shall find me of As-Sabireen (the patient ones, etc).”) (Soorah As-Saffat 37: 102) This reply displays the ultimate in right conduct filial piety and obedience to the Lord of the slaves.
Allah, Most High, says, ( Then. when they had both submitted themselves (to the will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side of his fore-head for slaughtering) (Soorah As-Saffat 37: 103) It was said that this means: when they had submitted to Allah’s Command and determined to carry it out, he placed him on his face. It was said that when he intended to sacrifice him, he placed him facedown so that he could slaughter him from behind, and not have to see his face at the time of slaughter, so that it would be easier for him. This was said by ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (RA), Mujahid, Sa’eed Ibn Jubair, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak.

It was also said that he turned him on his side, the way one turns a sacrificial animal on its side, so that the side of his forehead was on the ground. They had both submitted themselves ), that is when Ibraheem (AS) had said, “Bismillahi Wallahu Akbar (in the Name of Allah and Allah is Greater)” and his son had said, “Ashadu Anla ilaha illallah (I bear witness that none but Allah has the right to be worshipped),” in preparation as for Allah’s Saying: (And We called out to him, “O, Ibraheem! You have fulfilled the dream (vision)!” Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinoon (those who do good) (Soorah As-Saffat 37: 104, 105)

[Early Days From Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah by Ibn Kathir, Darussalam 2010 Edition, Translation work supervised by Abdul Malik Mujahid]

YOUR WEEKLY DOSE OF

Sirah

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) Slaughtering a Sheep
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
“I attended the Eid Al-Adha’ with the Prophet (ﷺ) at the Musalla. When he finished his Khutbah, he descended from his Minbar and was given a male sheep. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) slaughtered it with his hand and said: ‘Bismillah, Wa Allahu Akbar, this from me and whoever does not slaughter from my Ummah.'”

[Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1521]

Sunnah Acts

Circumcision
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said “Ibrahim (AS) circumcised himself after he had passed the age of eighty years and he circumcised himself with an adze.”

[Sahih al-Bukhari 6298]

Adhkar/Dua

Dua of Ibrahim (AS) for Mecca
رَبِّ ٱجْعَلْ هَـٰذَا ٱلْبَلَدَ ءَامِنًا وَٱجْنُبْنِى وَبَنِىَّ أَن نَّعْبُدَ ٱلْأَصْنَامَ
“My Lord! Make this city ˹of Mecca˺ secure, and keep me and my children away from the worship of idols.

[Surah Ibrahim, Ayah 35]

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