Weekly Blog # 7
Sept 20, 2021 – Sept 26, 2021
Safar 13, 1443 – Safar 19, 1443

Tawakkul: Placing Trust in Allah (SWT)

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

Tawakkul: Placing Trust in Allah (SWT)

وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا
And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.

Surah At-Talaaq (65) – Verse 3
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).

Surah At-Imraan (3) – Verse 159
عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِعِزَّتِكَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ أَنْ تُضِلَّنِي أَنْتَ الْحَيُّ الَّذِي لَا يَمُوتُ وَالْجِنُّ وَالْإِنْسُ يَمُوتُونَ
Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would say, “O Allah, I have surrendered to you and I have faith in you. I trust in you and I have turned to you. I have contested my opponents for your sake. O Allah, I seek refuge in your power from going astray, for there is no God but you. You are the Living who never dies, while the jinn and humans die.”

Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6948
What is Tawakkul ?

Tawakkal or God reliance is a stage of religion and a state of progress of the believers. Rather it is the highest state of those who are near Allah. The knowledge about God reliance is very subtle and the cause of it is that if one looks at the causes and ingredients of an action, he sets up partnership with Allah. In other words, if a man believes that anything has got power over the actions of a man, he can’t be counted as a true monotheist. On the other hand, if the intermediary causes are deducted, it is casting aspersion on the Prophet’s ways and dishonour on Shariah. If one disbelieves the causes of an action there is misuse of intellect and as such one is drowned in the abyss of ignorance, so the real meaning of God-reliance is every subtle. The meaning of God reliance is intellect Shariah and Tauhid, the intermingling of three elements in a proportionate manner.
[Above section from Ihya’ ‘Ulum al-Din – Vol 4 Chapter 5: Tauhid and Tawakkul]



The Cause of Revelation of the Above Verse يَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ

Sayyidna Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA) reports that Auf Ibn Malik Ashja’i (RA) came up to the Messenger of Allah and said that the enemies had arrested and kidnapped his son Salim. His mother is very anxious and he wanted to know what he should do. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) ordered him and his wife to recite لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله (There is no strength nor power but with Allah) abundantly. The husband and wife complied with the order. They recited the formula abundantly. It produced its desired effect. One day the enemies became unmindful, and the boy somehow managed to escape and drove a herd of goats that belonged to them to his father. According to other narratives, he found one of their camels and he mounted it and drove the other camels to his father. The father reported the incident to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Another narration has it that he enquired from the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) whether the goats and camels the son brought with him were lawful for them. On that occasion, the verse وَمَن یَتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ (And whoever fears Allah, for him Allah brings forth a way out, and gives him provision from where he does not even imagine. . .)
[Above narratives are cited in Ruh-ul-Ma’ani from Ibn Marduyah through the chain of al-Kalbi from Abi Salih from Ibn Abbas]
The Virtue of Tawakkul

According to the above Tradition, Sayyidna Auf Ibn Malik Ashja’i (RA) and his wife were advised to recite (There is no strength nor power but with Allah) abundantly to avert afflictions and obtain benefits. Mujaddid Alf Thani says that abundant recitation of this formula is a proven prescription to avert all kinds of religious and mundane afflictions and to obtain all religious and mundane objectives and benefits. According to him, its proper way is to recite five hundred times لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله , and to recite Salah (durud) one hundred times before, and one hundred times after the formula, and then to supplicate to Allah for one’s need. [Tafsir [Mazhari]] Imam Ahmad, Hakim [grading the chain as sahih], Baihaqi, Abu Na’im and others have transmitted on the authority of Sayyidna Abu Dharr (RA) that one day the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) continuously recited the verse (And whoever fears Allah, for him Allah brings forth a way out, and gives him provision from where he does not even imagine… 2/3) until the reporter started feeling sleepy. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Abu Dharr, if all people choose only this verse, it would be sufficient for them all.” [Ruh-ul-Malni] ‘Sufficient’ in this statement means it would be sufficient for all people to accomplish their religious and mundane objectives, if they practice it.
[Above section from Mariful Quran Vol 8 p 507]



Placing One’s Trust in Allah (SWT)

Even after having made all preparations, when you finally decide to go ahead and do what has to be done, then that is the time when you do not simply (place your) trust in your reason, opinion, plans or preparedness but, instead of that, you should place your trust in Allah alone, for all these considered plans are in the direct control of the supreme Planner of all affairs and matters. With this in view, the less is said about human beings and their plans is better. Man himself is witness to the futility of his plans in the thousands of events in his life-time.

The statement, “then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” also clarifies that placing one’s trust in Allah does not mean that the efforts to provide means and make plans should be abandoned. The fact is that placing one’s trust in Allah while leaving off means near at hand is contrary to the blessed practice of prophets, and against the teachings of the Holy Qur’an. However, if one sits idle dreaming about distant means and irrelevant concerns, or if one relies solely on means and plans as effective agents and ignores the Prime Causer of means and the Planner-par-Excellence of all affairs and plans, then this would certainly be against tawakkul, the placing of trust in Allah.
[Above section from Mariful Quran Vol 2 p 238]

Spiritual Reminders

Levels of Tawakkul
Tawakkul in Allah has many levels. It is necessary for the perfection of a Muslim’s faith, that they seek to reach the highest level of Tawakkul.

If we have to describe the first level of Tawakkul it could be Tawhid that is the basis for Tawakkul. We have to believe that Allah Almighty is the Best Sustainer and He is All-Knowing, He is All-Capable and sufficient to rely on. All things could happen or occur only with His Will and Instructions.

The second level is to believe that every matter has a cause or a means. Some people give up utilizing these means due to their ignorance and think that this is reliance on Allah Almighty. They wait for Allah (SWT) to send down their provisions, feed them and take care of their concerns and affairs while they do nothing. We should not be complacent or inactive; we should do everything that’s available to us to reach our goals. We have to believe on Allah but with that, we have to do something by ourselves for living our lives.

The third level is to remain firm in relying on Allah alone. Indeed, a person’s reliance on Allah cannot be fulfilled until one relies on Him alone.

The fourth level is to depend on Allah wholeheartedly and feel tranquility when doing so, to the extent that one does not feel confused about their provision.

The highest level of Tawakkul, towards which we should all seek, of course, is to realize that the element of reliance on Allah is to trust all matters to Him voluntarily, without feeling
Benefits of Tawakkul

No matter what hardship or misfortune befalls one, it will be accepted without panic and the heart will remain strong in the face of such hardships. Strong belief that is Tawakkul will indicate that Allah’s wish is in this occurrence and it cannot be opposed. It is the Mercy of Allah that He has told us that our responsibility is limited. And that is the meaning of “On no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear” (Quran 2: 286). We should believe on Allah no matter what he has put on us it will going to be an end by His Mercy. Tawakkul is that it invites us to connect to a powerful associate who is no one but the Lord Himself. The more we rely on Him, the greater the chances that we will try to please Him by following the guidance He has given us, which in turn will lead to goodness in this world and success in the Hereafter. The believers who have Tawakkul will attribute everything to the Will and Pleasure of Allah (SWT). He will thus be penetrating with obedience. Such a man will not be arrogant and imperious. By fully trusting on Allah and relying on Him, we are not depressed by what we have lost or intoxicated by our success. We know that all things are in Allah’s hands. And that makes us not only humbler but more submissive to Lord, thus better believers.

Relying on Allah Almighty can impart full satisfaction and peace in a person. Muslims should never become disheartened and discouraged in difficult situations. Repose all your trust in Allah (SWT). Let’s seek to understand the concept of Tawakkul and to make it part of our belief systems. We will see that things will not only get resolved easier with His help, but Tawakkul will also relieve us from the day to day suffering and worries associated with the challenges of this life. May Allah help us in all difficult situations and give us the strength to overcome them. Ameen!

[The above passages are from quranreading.com]

YOUR WEEKLY DOSE OF

Sirah

The Advice of The Prophet (ﷺ)
Imam Tirmidhi narrates the story of a Bedouin man who was leaving his camel without tying it. The Prophet (PBUH) asked him “Why don’t you tie down your camel?” The Bedouin answered, “I put my trust in Allah.” The Prophet then replied, “Tie your camel first, and then put your trust in Allah.”

Sunnah Acts

The Sunnah of Entering and Leaving The House
Entering
1) Knock at the door, or ring the doorbell in a pleasant way and not louder than is necessary to make your presence known. Leave adequate time between two knocks or rings. This will enable those performing ablution, praying, or eating to finish without making them rush. After three knocks or intermittent rings, you may feel that the person you came to see is busy, otherwise he or she would have answered you. If this is the case, then leave as mentioned in Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

2) Enter and leave the house with the right foot first

3) Remain gentle and quite if people are sleeping

4) Say: السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

5) Announce one’s presence. Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: “When a person enters his house, it is recommended that he makes noise by clearing his throat or tapping his shoes.


Leaving
1) Recited the Dua:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْـتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ، وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُـوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ
In the name of Allah, I place my trust in Allah, and there is no might nor power except with Allah. [Abu Dawud 4:325, At-Tirmidhi 5:490]

[Above section from inter-islam.org]

Adhkar/Dua

Dua to Put Complete Trust in Allah in a Worldly Affair
وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ وَكِيلًا

Wa Tawakkal `Alá Allāhi Wa Kafá Billāhi Wa Kīlāan

“And rely upon Allah; and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.”

[Quran 33:3]



عَلَى ٱللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْنَا رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلْقَوْمِ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ

`Alá Allāhi Tawakkalnā Rabbanā Lā Taj`alnā Fitnatan Lilqawmi Až-Žālimīna

“Upon Allah do we rely. Our Lord, make us not [objects of] trial for the wrongdoing people”

[Quran 10:85]

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