#47 – Hajj
Jul 4 – Jul 10, 2022
Dhul Hijjah 5 – Dhul Hijjah 11, 1443

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Hajj

What have Allah and His Messenger said about

Hajj

وَأَذِّن فِى ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ
and announce among people about (the obligation of) Hajj, so that they should come to you on foot, and on every camel turned lean, traveling through every distant hilly pathway,

[Surah Al-Hajj, Ayah 27]
فِيهِ ءَايَـٰتٌۢ بَيِّنَـٰتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَٰهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُۥ كَانَ ءَامِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ حِجُّ ٱلْبَيْتِ مَنِ ٱسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَنِىٌّ عَنِ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ
In it there are clear signs: The Station of Ibrāhīm! Whoever enters it is secure. As a right of Allah, it is obligatory on the people to perform Hajj of the House – on everyone who has the ability to manage (his) way to it. If one disbelieves, then Allah is independent of all the worlds.

[Surah Ali ‘Imran, Ayah 97]
أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَثْرُودٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ مَخْرَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سُهَيْلَ بْنَ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبِي يَقُولُ، سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ وَفْدُ اللَّهِ ثَلاَثَةٌ الْغَازِي وَالْحَاجُّ وَالْمُعْتَمِرُ
Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: ‘The guests of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, are three: The warrior, the pilgrim performing Hajj, and the pilgrim performing ‘Umrah.'”‏‏

[Sunan an-Nasa’i 2625]
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَىُّ الأَعْمَالِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ ‏”‏ الإِيمَانُ بِاللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ مَاذَا قَالَ ‏”‏ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ مَاذَا قَالَ ‏”‏ ثُمَّ الْحَجُّ الْمَبْرُورُ ‏”‏ ‏
It was narrated that abu Hurairah said: “A man asked the Prophet ‘O Messenger of Allah, which deed is best?’ He said: ‘Jihad in the cause of Allah.’ He said: ‘Then what?’ He said: ‘then Hajj Al-Mabrir.”’

[Sunan an-Nasa’i 2624]

Prerequisites for Hajj to become obligatory

Hajj is an individual obligation once in a lifetime upon every Muslim man and woman when the following prerequisites are fulfilled:

1) Islam: Hajj is not obligatory for a disbeliever

2) Maturity: It is not obligatory for a child

3) Sanity: It is not obligatory for an insane person

4) Freedom: It is not obligatory for a slave

5) Financial capability: Hajj is not obligatory for a person without the financial capability.


Prerequisites for the performance of Hajj to become necessary

Performing Hajj will become necessary when the following prerequisites are fulfilled:

1) Physical health: Performing Hajj is not obligatory if he is handicapped, paralyzed or has gone senile to the extent that he is unable to travel.

2) Freedom from any obstruction to travel: Performing Hajj is not obligatory for a prisoner or for one fearing a king who forbids people from going for Hajj.

3) Security of the route: . It will not be necessary to perform Hajj at that time if the route to the haram is not safe

4) Presence of husband or close male relation18, for a woman, no matter whether she is young or old: Performing it is not obligatory if her husband or close relation is not with her.

5) Being out of mourning period for a woman: . If a woman is going through her mourning period after a divorce or husband’s death, then performing Hajj is not obligatory for her.


Farāʾiḍ of Hajj

1) The stay in ‘Arafah from the time the sun reaches its zenith on the 9th of dhul hijjah to the fajr of the 1oth of dhul hijjah. The minimal extent of the stay will be completed by a remaining there for even a moment during the two times mentioned above

2) Making tawaf around the ka’bah consisting of seven rounds after the stay in ‘Arafah – this tawaf is called tawaf uz ziyarah, or tawaf of ifadah

Wajibat of Hajj

1) Starting Ihram from the miqat

2) Remaining at Muzdalifah even if only for a moment. The time for this stay begins after Fajr salat in the morning of the 10th Dhul Hijjah and ends at sunrise of that day.

3)Performing tawaf ziyarah (or ifadah) on one of the days of sacrifice (10, 11 and 12 Dhul Hijjah).

4) Sa’yi between Safa and Marwah seven times. The first walk/run starts at Safa and the seventh walk/run ends at Marwah.

5) Tawaf wada’ for non-residents of Makkah

6) Performing two rakat of Salat after every tawaf

7)Throwing pebbles at the three pillars on the days of sacrifice

8) Shaving or shortening the head-hair inside the Haram during the days of sacrifice

9) Remaining free from major and minor impurities during tawaf and sa’yi

10) Refraining from forbidden things like wearing stitched garments, covering the head (for men), covering the face, hunting, marital relations, disobedience and quarrel

[Fiqh Comprehention p.g 141-142 & 145, By Mufti Aasim Rashid]

Spiritual Reminders

The Hajj of The Prophet (SAW)
Ja’far b Muhammad reported on the authority of his father: We went to Jabir b. Abdullah and he began inquiring about the people (who had gone to see him) till it was my turn. I said: I am Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Husain. He placed his hand upon my head and opened my upper button and then the lower one and then placed his palm on my chest (in order to bless me), and I was, during those days, a young boy, and he said: You are welcome, my nephew. Ask whatever you want to ask. And I asked him but as he was blind (he could not respond to me immediately), and the time for prayer came. He stood up covering himself in his mantle. And whenever he placed its ends upon his shoulders they slipped down on account of being short (in size). Another mantle was, however, lying on the clothes rack near by. And he led us in the prayer. I said to him: Tell me about the Hajj of Allah’s Messenger (May peace be upon him). And he pointed with his hand nine, and then stated: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stayed in (Medina) for nine years but did not perform Hajj, then he made a public announcement in the tenth year to the effect that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was about to perform the Hajj. A large number of persons came to Medina and all of them were anxious to follow the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) and do according to his doing. We set out with him till we reached Dhu’l-Hulaifa. Asma’ daughter of Umais gave birth to Muhammad b. Abu Bakr. She sent message to the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) asking him: What should I do? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Take a bath, bandage your private parts and put on Ihram.

The Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) then prayed in the mosque and then mounted al-Qaswa (his she-camel) and it stood erect with him on its back at al-Baida’. And I saw as far as I could see in front of me but riders and pedestrians, and also on my right and on my left and behind me like this. And the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was prominent among us and the (revelation) of the Holy Qur’an was descending upon him. And it is he who knows (its true) significance. And whatever he did, we also did that. He pronounced the Oneness of Allah (saying):” Labbaik, Allah, Labbaik, Labbaik. You have no partner, all praise and grace is Yours and the Sovereignty is Yours; You have no partner.” And the people also pronounced this Talbiya which they pronounce (today). The Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) did not reject anything out of it. But the Messenger of Allah (May peace. be upon him) adhered to his own Talbiya. Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) said: We did not have any other intention but that of Hajj only, being unaware of the Umra (at that season), but when we came with him to the House, he touched the pillar and (made seven circuits) running three of them and walking four. And then going to the Station of Ibrahim, he recited:

وَٱتَّخِذُوا۟ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَٰهِـۧمَ مُصَلًّى
“Take the standing-place of Abraham2 as a site of prayer.”

And this Station was between him and the House. My father said (and I do not know whether he had made a mention of it but that was from Allah’s Apostle [May peace be upon him] that he recited in two rak’ahs:” قُلْ هُو اللّهُ أَحَد” And ” قُلْ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلْكَـٰفِرُونَ” He then returned to the pillar (Hajar Aswad) and kissed it.

He then went out of the gate to al-Safa’ and as he reached near it he recited:” Al-Safa’ and al-Marwa are among the signs appointed by Allah,” (adding: ) I begin with what Allah (has commanded me) to begin. He first mounted al-Safa’ till he saw the House, and facing Qibla he declared the Oneness of Allah and glorified Him, and said:” There is no god but Allah, One, there is no partner with Him. His is the Sovereignty and to Him praise is due and He is Powerful over everything. There is no god but Allah alone, Who fulfilled His promise, helped His servant and routed the confederates alone.” He then made supplication in the course of that saying such words three times. He then descended and walked towards al-Marwa, and when his feet came down in the bottom of the valley, he ran, and when he began to ascend he walked till he reached al-Marwa. There he did as he had done at al-Safa’. And when it was his last running at al-Marwa he said: If I had known beforehand what I have come to know afterwards, I would not have brought sacrificial animals and would have performed an ‘Umra. So, he who among you has not the sacrificial animals with him should put off Ihram and treat it as an Umra. Suraqa b. Malik b. Ju’sham got up and said: Messenger of Allah, does it apply to the present year, or does it apply forever? Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) intertwined the fingers (of one hand) into another and said twice: The ‘Umra has become incorporated in the Hajj (adding):” No, but for ever and ever.”

‘All came from the Yemen with the sacrificial animals for the Prophet (May peace be upon him) and found Fatimah (Allah be pleased with her) to be one among those who had put off Ihram and had put on dyed clothes and had applied antimony. He (Hadrat’Ali) showed disapproval to it, whereupon she said: My father has commanded me to do this. He (the narrator) said that ‘Ali used to say in Iraq: I went to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) showing annoyance at Fatimah for what she had done, and asked the (verdict) of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) regarding what she had narrated from him, and told him that I was angry with her, whereupon he said: She has told the truth, she has told the truth. (The Prophet then asked ‘Ali): What did you say when you undertook to go for Hajj? I (‘Ali) said: 0 Allah, I am putting on Ihram for the same purpose as Thy Messenger has put it on. He said: I have with me sacrificial animals, so do not put off the Ihram. He (Jabir) said: The total number of those sacrificial animals brought by ‘Ali from the Yemen and of those brought by the Apostle (ﷺ) was one hundred.



Then all the people except the Apostle (ﷺ) and those who had with them sacrificial animals, put off Ihram, and got their hair clipped; when it was the day of Tarwiya (8th of Dhu’l-Hijja) they went to Mina and put on the Ihram for Hajj and the Messenger of Ailah (ﷺ) rode and led the noon, afternoon, sunset ‘Isha’ and dawn prayers. He then waited a little till the sun rose, and commanded that a tent of hair should be pitched at Namira. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) then set out and the Quraish did not doubt that he would halt at al-Mash’ar al-Haram (the sacred site) as the Quraish used to do in the pre-Islamic period. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), however, passed on till he came to ‘Arafa and he found that the tent had been pitched for him at Namira. There he got down till the sun had passed the meridian; he commanded that al-Qaswa should be brought and saddled for him.

Then he came to the bottom of the valley, and addressed the people saying: Verily your blood, your property are as sacred and inviolable as the sacredness of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this town of yours. Behold! Everything pertaining to the Days of Ignorance is under my feet completely abolished. Abolished are also the blood-revenges of the Days of Ignorance. The first claim of ours on blood-revenge which I abolish is that of the son of Rabi’a b. al-Harith, who was nursed among the tribe of Sa’d and killed by Hudhail. And the usury of she pre-Islamic period is abolished, and the first of our usury I abolish is that of ‘Abbas b. ‘Abd al-Muttalib, for it is all abolished. Fear Allah concerning women! Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. You too have right over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not severely. Their rights upon you are that you should provide them with food and clothing in a fitting manner. I have left among you the Book of Allah, and if you hold fast to it, you would never go astray. And you would be asked about me (on the Day of Resurrection), (now tell me) what would you say?

They (the audience) said: We will bear witness that you have conveyed (the message), discharged (the ministry of Prophethood) and given wise (sincere) counsel. He (the narrator) said: He (the Holy Prophet) then raised his forefinger towards the sky and pointing it at the people (said):” O Allah, be witness. O Allah, be witness,” saying it thrice. (Bilal then) pronounced Adhan and later on Iqama and he (the Holy Prophet) led the noon prayer. He (Bilal) then uttered Iqama and he (the Holy Prophet) led the afternoon prayer and he observed no other prayer in between the two. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) then mounted his camel and came to the place of stay, making his she-camel al-Qaswa, turn towards the side where there we are rocks, having the path taken by those who went on foot in front of him, and faced the Qibla. He kept standing there till the sun set, and the yellow light had somewhat gone, and the disc of the sun had disappeared. He made Usama sit behind him, and he pulled the nosestring of Qaswa so forcefully that its head touched the saddle (in order to keep her under perfect control), and he pointed out to the people with his right hand to be moderate (in speed), and whenever he happened to pass over an elevated tract of sand, he slightly loosened it (the nose-string of his camel) till she climbed up and this is how he reached al-Muzdalifa. There he led the evening and ‘Isha prayers with one Adhan and two Iqamas and did not glorify (Allah) in between them (i. e. he did not observe supererogatory rak’ahs between Maghrib and ‘Isha’ prayers).

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) then lay down till dawn and offered the dawn prayer with an Adhan and Iqama when the morning light was clear. He again mounted al-Qaswa, and when he came to al-Mash’ar al-Haram, he faced towards Qibla, supplicated Him, Glorified Him, and pronounced His Uniqueness (La ilaha illa Allah) and Oneness, and kept standing till the daylight was very clear. He then went quickly before the sun rose, and seated behind him was al-Fadl b. ‘Abbas and he was a man having beautiful hair and fair complexion and handsome face. As the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) was moving on, there was also going a group of women (side by side with them). Al-Fadl began to look at them. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) placed his hand on the face of Fadl who then turned his face to the other side, and began to see, and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) turned his hand to the other side and placed it on the face of al-Fadl. He again turned his face to the other side till he came to the bottom of Muhassir. He urged her (al-Qaswa) a little, and, following the middle road, which comes out at the greatest jamra, he came to the jamra which is near the tree.

At this be threw seven small pebbles, saying Allah-o-Akbar while throwing every one of them in a manner in which the small pebbles are thrown (with the help of fingers) and this he did in the bottom of the valley. He then went to the place of sacrifice, and sacrificed sixty-three (camels) with his own hand. Then he gave the remaining number to ‘Ali who sacrificed them, and he shared him in his sacrifice. He then commanded that a piece of flesh from each animal sacrificed should be put in a pot, and when it was cooked, both of them (the Prophet (SAW) and ‘Ali) took some meat out of it and drank its soup. The Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) again rode and came to the House, and offered the Zuhr prayer at Mecca. He came to the tribe of Abd al-Muttalib, who were supplying water at Zamzam, and said: Draw water. O Bani ‘Abd al-Muttalib; were it not that people would usurp this right of supplying water from you, I would have drawn it along with you. So they handed him a basket and he drank from it.

[Sahih Muslim 1218a]

YOUR WEEKLY DOSE OF

Sirah

Combining the Prayer at Al-Muzdalifa
Narrated Ibn `Umar:
The Prophet (ﷺ) offered the Maghrib and `Isha’ prayers together at Jam’ (i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) with a separate Iqama for each of them and did not offer any optional prayer in between them or after each of them.

[Sahih al-Bukhari 1673]

Sunnah Acts

Sunan of Hajj
There are many sunan in Hajj, amongst them: 1) Bathing or wuḍūʾ at the time of entering the state of Ihram

2) Wearing unstitched new or washed white ihram cloth (izar and cloak)

3)Performing two rak’at of salāt after making intention for Ihram

4) Proclaiming the talbiyah frequently

5) Tawaf upon arrival for non-residents of Makkah

6) Frequently performing tawaf of the Ka’bah during the stay at Makkah

7) Idtiba’: a specific manner of wearing the cloak for men. Before starting tawaf, the haji should place one end of his cloak under his right arm-pit and the other end over his left shoulder

8) Raml during tawaf: During the first three rounds of tawaf, men should walk with short steps and swinging of upper arms (exposing one’s power).

9) dashing during sa’yi: In each of the seven walks between Safä and Marwah, the person should run between the two green pillars, faster than in raml.

10) Touching or gesticulating towards the black stone or kissing it at the end of every round

11) Spending the nights during the days of sacrifice at Mina

12) Sacrifice by a person performing only Hajj (mufrid)

[Fiqh Comprehention p.g 145 – 146, By Mufti Aasim Rashid]

Adhkar/Dua

The Talbiya
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ
Here I am [at your service] O Allah, here I am. Here I am [at your service]. You have no partners (other gods), here I am. To You alone is all praise and all excellence, and to You is all sovereignty. There is no partner to You.

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